Liquid-Vapour Mixtures

 Thermodynamics

Definitions Saturated Liquid Liquid on the point on vapourisation. Saturated Vapour Vapour on the point on condensation. Triple Point Vapour, liquid and solid states can exist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Occurs

Steady Flow Open Systems

 Thermodynamics

Conservation of mass, enthalpy (flow work and internal energy), energy (kinetic and potential). Flow Work: \( W_f = PV; w_f = Pv \) General Steady Flow Energy Equation $$ \dot{Q} - \dot{

Ideal Gas Law and Closed System Formulae

 Thermodynamics

Ideal Gas Law $$ PV = mRT $$ Where \( P \) is pressure in \( kPa \).       \( V \) is volume in \( m^3 \).       \( m \) is mass in \( kg \).       \( R \) is the gas constant in \( kJ/kgK

Power Cycles

 Thermodynamics

Carnot Efficiency: \( \eta _{th,Carnot} = 1- \frac{T_{L}}{T_{H}} \) Work Ratio: Ratio of net work output of system to work output of turbine/compressor in system \( r_w