## Liquid-Vapour Mixtures

Definitions Saturated Liquid Liquid on the point on vapourisation. Saturated Vapour Vapour on the point on condensation. Triple Point Vapour, liquid and solid states can exist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Occurs

Definitions Saturated Liquid Liquid on the point on vapourisation. Saturated Vapour Vapour on the point on condensation. Triple Point Vapour, liquid and solid states can exist in thermodynamic equilibrium. Occurs

Conservation of mass, enthalpy (flow work and internal energy), energy (kinetic and potential). Flow Work: \( W_f = PV; w_f = Pv \) General Steady Flow Energy Equation $$ \dot{Q} - \dot{

Ideal Gas Law $$ PV = mRT $$ Where \( P \) is pressure in \( kPa \). \( V \) is volume in \( m^3 \). \( m \) is mass in \( kg \). \( R \) is the gas constant in \( kJ/kgK

Process 1-2 Isentropic Compression \( W = \frac{P_2 V_2 - P_1 V_1}{1- \gamma} \) \( Q = 0 \) Process 2-3 Isometric Heat Transfer \( W = 0 \) \( Q = m C_v

Carnot Efficiency: \( \eta _{th,Carnot} = 1- \frac{T_{L}}{T_{H}} \) Work Ratio: Ratio of net work output of system to work output of turbine/compressor in system \( r_w